Land Use and Access

This page contains information and useful resources on transparency and accountability in the extractives sector.

Name Author Description Date More Information

Integrated National Land use Guidelines

National Environment Management Authority

The guidelines are meant to support and promote the implementation of the general goals laid down in the EMCA,1999; as well as support the implementation of the New Constitution as envisioned in Chapter Five (Sections 60 – 72) on Land and Environment.


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Enabling legal frameworks for sustainable land-use investments in Tanzania


Robert Kibugi, D. Andrew Wardell

Marie-Claire Cordonier Segger

Caroline Haywood, Renée Gift


This research project aimed to improve knowledge on how national regulatory frameworks (laws, policies and institutions) affect land-use change and sustainable investment in sub-Saharan Africa with a particular focus on the agriculture, energy, forestry and mining sectors. Findings from this research indicate that the legal framework that governs land-use activities and investments is well developed in Tanzania.


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Fostering the sustainability of mining Operations through Improved Land Governance Frameworks

World Bank

The Government of Japan

The following Toolkit is grounded in the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests, in the Context of National Food Security (VGGTs) (2012). The Toolkit's primary objective is to illustrate how to streamline the principles articulated in the VGGTs into contexts where mining operations and land governance frameworks overlap, in order to promote socially and environmentally sustainable land ownership and use. As such, the Toolkit stresses the importance of advancing transparent and robust policy frameworks for land tenure and strengthening the capacities of public agencies, the private sector, civil society organizations and communities who are concerned with land governance.


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Toolkit and Guidance for Preventing and Managing Land and Natural Resources Conflict

Alex Grzybowski

This toolkit provides an inventory of existing tools and capacity within the UN system and a set of four Guidance Notes on addressing natural resource management and conflict prevention. These Guidance Notes cover: (i) Land and Conflict (ii) Extractive Industries and Conflict (iii) Renewable Resources and Conflict, (iv) Strengthening Capacity for Conflict-Sensitive Natural Resource Management.


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Preventing conflicts Over Land: Exploring the role of Business and the Value of Human Rights Approaches

Institute for Human Rights and Business 

The report below does not purport to be an exhaustive report of the meeting. Rather, it sets out the key issues regarding the contentious issue of land, business, and human rights; raises questions that require further thinking, reflection, and deliberation; and suggests recommended steps.


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